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Wafer of Vegetable Waste Can Overcome Scarcity of Goat Forage

Livestock productivity is strongly influenced by the availability of feed, both in quality and quantity. Ruminant livestock feed is forage base. However, the current availability of land for fodder cultivation is very limited. Especially in urban area, land conversion to residential is very high, so as to feed the pet goats it must look for alternative forage. One such alternative is vegetable waste which is very much available in the market which can be made and served in the form of wafers. In order to overcome the scarcity of forage, Jakarta Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (Jakarta AIAT) had been conducted a study to utilize vegetable waste as wafers for goat feed. The assessment was divided into two stages: 1) wafer manufacturing process of vegetable waste carried out in the laboratory of Jakarta AIAT and 2) its application in the level of farmer.

The result showed that goats feeded by vegetable waste wafers had higher average daily weight gain (129.76 grams / day), when compared with the goats feeded by grass (73.75 g / day). besides that, average daily dry matter intake also higher in goats feeded by the wafers as much as 294.94 g / day compared with the goats feeded by grass as much as 218.17 g / day. Moreover, vegetable waste wafers feeding treatment gave the lowest average feed conversion of 2.27 ± 0.11 compared to grass feeding which gave the average conversion of 2.96 ± 0.62. The feeding treatments which contained of 50% wafers and  50% concentrate showed the value of dry matter intake of 1078.70 g / a goat / day. On other words, the use of vegetable waste wafer gave good effects on the performance and on the fattening of goats.